Mosquito transmited human diseases
EEE is maintained in a transmission cycle involving Culiseta melanura mosquitoes and birds. People and horses are infected by other mosquito species that feed on the infected birds and subsequently feed on mammals.
Ilheus encephalitis is caused by the Ilheus virus (genus Flavivirus) that is transmitted by different mosquito species. This encephalitis is endemic to eastern Brazil and other parts of south and Central America.
LaCrosse encephalitis information. Including transmission, prevention, signs and symptoms, and answers to frequently asked questions.
Malaria is not a public health concern in North America, but people who travel to or have lived in other areas of the world may be at risk and should be familiar with the symptoms of the disease and the drugs used to prevent infection.
Murray Valley encephalitis (MVE) is a mosquito-borne viral disease of humans, affecting the central nervous system and able to cause death. It occurs naturally throughout the northern half of Australia, Papua New Guinea and eastern Indonesia.
O'nyong'nyong fever is caused by O'nyong'nyong virus and is causing epidemics in Africa time after time.
Rift Valley fever (RVF) is an acute, fever-causing viral disease that affects domestic animals (such as cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats, and camels) and humans. RVF is most commonly associated with mosquito-borne epidemics during years of unusually heavy rainfall.
Sindbis fever is a febrile illness of humans in Africa, Asia, Australia, Middle East, Eastern Europe, Scandinavia and the Commonwealth of Independent States, transmitted by culicine mosquitoes and is caused by the Sindbis virus.
By the bite of a mosquito (primarily the Culex species) that become infected with St. Louis encephalitis virus (a flavivirus antigenically related to Japanese encephalitis virus).
Sylvatic, or jungle, yellow fever occurs in tropical rainforests and is caused by an arbovirus of the family Flaviviridae. This infectious disease is passed onto humans by infected sylvatic mosquitoes, which get the virus by feeding on ill monkeys. Cases are usually sporadic with mostly young men working in the forests affected.
WEE is normally maintained between Culex tarsalis mosquitoes and birds. People and horses are bitten by Cx. tarsalis during the late summer months (mid-July through early September) in wet years when this mosquito is produced in abundance.
West Nile virus is a disease transmitted not only to people, but also to animals. It is the most commonly reported mosquito-transmitted disease in Minnesota.
Chikungunya fever is caused by a Chikungunya virus which belongs to genus Alphavirus of the Togaviridae family and was first isolated in 1952 during the epidemic of fever in Tanzania.
Lymphatic filariasis is a disease caused by roundworms of several species, mostly occurring in humid tropical areas and spread by many different species of mosquitoes.
California encephalitis is yet another human illness spread by mosquitoes and caused by a California encephalitis virus group. This condition is endemic to the midwestern United States and primarily affects children between 5-10 years of age.